CBS News Logo Sleep Heart Risk: Seven Hours of Sleep Best for Your Heart

(CBS) Seven really is the lucky number - at least when it comes to sleep.Regularly sleeping less than seven hours a day is linked to an increased risk for heart disease, say researchers at West Virginia University School of Medicine. But don't assume that more sleep is better: The researchers also found that regularly sleeping more than seven hours a day is associated with increased heart disease risk.They published their findings in the August 1, 2010 issue of the journal "Sleep." The researchers followed more than 30,000 adults, all of whom were healthy at the start of the study. They found that short and long sleep duration were associated with increased heart disease risk even when they controlled for age, sex, race, ethnicity, smoking, alcohol intake, and other risk factors. Adults who slept less than five hours a day (including naps) were more than twice as likely to develop heart disease. Those who slept more than nine hours or longer a day were one and a half times more likely to develop heart disease. Why does sleep less or more than seven hours increase the risk? The researchers don't know. But study author Anoop Shankar, MD, PhD, associate professor of community medicine at the university, said it might be helpful for people to discuss their sleep habits - including changes in sleep duration - with their doctors.Something to sleep on, for sure. Continue Reading

What Is MCS? Multiple Chemical Sensitivity ‘Affects Millions of Americans,’ But It Isn’t a Real Illness

Health MCS Multiple Chemical Sensitivity Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine University of Melbourne School of Engineering Everyday products from cleaning supplies to perfumes trigger health problems in an estimated 55 million Americans, according to a new study into a disputed condition known as Multiple Chemical Sensitivities (MCS). One in four Americans report being sensitive to household chemicals, research conducted by the University of Melbourne, Australia, found. Of those, almost half were diagnosed with MCS: an umbrella term used to describe patients who say their lives are hit by low-level exposure to chemicals.  First noted in 1952, MCS is also known as "idiopathic environmental intolerance," "environmental illness," and "sick building syndrome." MCS is not officially recognized by bodies such as the American Medical Association or the World Health Organization. There is, therefore, currently no treatment for those who claim to suffer from it.  The American Medical Association doesn't officially recognize MCS as a disorder. PETER PARKS/AFP/Getty Images Recommended Slideshows 37 Who Will Be Invited to Meghan Markle and Prince Harry's Wedding? 117 The 2018 World Press Photo of the Year contest: And the nominees are... 51 In Pictures: The 50 Most Powerful Military Forces in the World According to the study, rates of chemical sensitivity have spiked by 200% among Americans in the past decade, while the prevalence of MCS has risen by 300%. That amounts to an estimated 55 million adults with either a sensitivity or MCS. In the past year, an estimated 22 million Americans called in sick to work after coming into contact with a fragranced consumer product in the workplace, the new figures indicate.  The range of non-specific symptoms that people report due to MCS make it difficult to pin down. These include migraines, dizziness and breathing Continue Reading

West Virginia governor takes new approach to opioid epidemic

John Raby, Associated Press Published 3:10 pm, Monday, February 5, 2018 Photo: John Raby, AP Image 1of/1 CaptionClose Image 1 of 1 Dr. Michael Brumage, left, is joined by West Virginia Gov. Jim Justice, right, at a news conference Monday, Feb. 5, 2018, at the Capitol in Charleston, West Virginia. Brumage was introduced as West Virginia’s new director of the Office of Drug Control Policy, which combats substance abuse. West leads the nation in the rate of drug overdose deaths. less Dr. Michael Brumage, left, is joined by West Virginia Gov. Jim Justice, right, at a news conference Monday, Feb. 5, 2018, at the Capitol in Charleston, West Virginia. Brumage was introduced as West Virginia’s ... more Photo: John Raby, AP West Virginia governor takes new approach to opioid epidemic 1 / 1 Back to Gallery CHARLESTON, W.Va. (AP) — West Virginia will take a different approach to an opioid epidemic that is "eating us alive" with stepped-up efforts focusing on two of the state's 55 counties, Gov. Jim Justice said Monday. Justice told a news conference that West Virginia didn't have enough funding to fight the epidemic in all 55 counties. Although statewide efforts will continue, the state will team with West Virginia University to assemble a plan that works. "We know that everything that we've done thus far has failed," said Justice, a Republican who took office in January 2017. "This problem's been going on for years. I inherited this problem, and it's there and just seems to get worse." LATEST SFGATE VIDEOS Now Playing: Now Playing Robot cats San Francisco Chronicle Security camera catches family dog start house fire by turning on stove Southwick Fire Department SFPD releases video of officer being struck by car San Francisco Chronicle California Secretary of Continue Reading

West Virginia college group to promote job creation

Updated 2:25 am, Monday, January 8, 2018 CHARLESTON, W.Va. (AP) — Ten public higher education institutions are planning to promote job creation and economic opportunities in southern West Virginia. Marshall University says in a news release that presidents and representatives of the 10 schools will introduce the Alliance for Economic Development for Southern West Virginia on Monday at the state Capitol in Charleston. Among the scheduled speakers at the announcement is Marshall President Jerome Gilbert, the group's chairman. Other institutions in the group are Bluefield State College; BridgeValley, Mountwest, New River and Southern West Virginia community and technical colleges; Concord University; the West Virginia School of Osteopathic Medicine; West Virginia State University, and West Virginia University Tech. Continue Reading

The Family That Built an Empire of Pain

The north wing of the Metropolitan Museum of Art is a vast, airy enclosure featuring a banked wall of glass and the Temple of Dendur, a sandstone monument that was constructed beside the Nile two millennia ago and transported to the Met, brick by brick, as a gift from the Egyptian government. The space, which opened in 1978 and is known as the Sackler Wing, is also itself a monument, to one of America’s great philanthropic dynasties. The Brooklyn-born brothers Arthur, Mortimer, and Raymond Sackler, all physicians, donated lavishly during their lifetimes to an astounding range of institutions, many of which today bear the family name: the Sackler Gallery, in Washington; the Sackler Museum, at Harvard; the Sackler Center for Arts Education, at the Guggenheim; the Sackler Wing at the Louvre; and Sackler institutes and facilities at Columbia, Oxford, and a dozen other universities. The Sacklers have endowed professorships and underwritten medical research. The art scholar Thomas Lawton once likened the eldest brother, Arthur, to “a modern Medici.” Before Arthur’s death, in 1987, he advised his children, “Leave the world a better place than when you entered it.” Mortimer died in 2010, and Raymond died earlier this year. The brothers bequeathed to their heirs a laudable tradition of benevolence, and an immense fortune with which to indulge it. Arthur’s daughter Elizabeth is on the board of the Brooklyn Museum, where she endowed the Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art. Raymond’s sons, Richard and Jonathan, established a professorship at Yale Cancer Center. “My father raised Jon and me to believe that philanthropy is an important part of how we should fill our lives,” Richard has said. Marissa Sackler, the thirty-six-year-old daughter of Mortimer and his third wife, Theresa Rowling, founded Beespace, a nonprofit “incubator” that supports organizations like the Malala Fund. Sackler recently told Continue Reading

How A Coal Miner’s Autopsy Proved A Top Doctor Wrong

After working underground in the coal mines of southern West Virginia for almost 35 years, Steve Day thought it was obvious why he gasped for air, slept upright in a recliner, and inhaled oxygen from a tank 24 hours a day.More than half a dozen doctors who saw the masses in his lungs or the test results showing his severely impaired breathing were also in agreement.The clear diagnosis was black lung.Yet, when I met Steve in April 2013, he had lost his case to receive benefits guaranteed by federal law to any coal miner disabled by black lung. The coal company that employed the miner usually pays for these benefits, and, as almost always happens, Steve’s longtime employer had fought vigorously to avoid paying him. As a result, he and his family were barely scraping by, sometimes resorting to loans from relatives or neighbors to make it through the month.Like many other miners, he had lost primarily because of the opinions of a unit of doctors at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions that had long been the go-to place for coal companies seeking negative X-ray readings to help defeat a benefits claim. The longtime leader of the unit, Dr. Paul Wheeler, testified against Steve, and the judge determined that his opinion trumped all others, as judges have in many other cases.Today, however, there is final and overwhelming evidence that Wheeler was wrong: Steve’s autopsy.On July 26, what was left of Steve’s lungs gave out. He was 67 years old. The doctor who performed the autopsy found extensive black lung. With the permission of Steve’s family, I shared his autopsy report with three leading doctors who specialize in black lung and related diseases. Each said essentially the same thing: Steve had one of the most severe cases of black lung they had seen.“A majority of his lungs had been replaced by scar tissue with coal dust,” said Dr. Francis Green, a professor of medicine at the University of Calgary and one of the world’s top Continue Reading

Hidden casualties of heroin hit users, hospitals

Sarah Bolin's heart infection got so bad last month, the longtime heroin user was passing out by the time she agreed to go to a hospital.Bolin, 36, was relieved when she learned at Christ Hospital that the infection, called endocarditis, didn't require her to get a pacemaker or a new heart valve.She's seen other "girls on the streets," fellow heroin-addicted prostitutes, who've gotten endocarditis and had to have their heart valves replaced with pig valves.The infection did require surgery to remove lesions from an affected valve, a 10-day hospital stay with IV antibiotics and a recommendation of nursing-home care. As opioid overdoses dominate headlines, more hidden casualties of intravenous drug use are overwhelming the hospitals tasked with treating them. Addiction clouds users' judgment so much that patients thwart or reject treatment for their infectious and other diseases. And hospitals, taxpayers and people with commercial insurance foot the bill for repeated return visits that can cost from tens to hundreds of thousands of dollars a year per patient. Scarlet Hudson, founder of Women of Alabaster in Cincinnati's Over-the-Rhine, who helps homeless women with addiction, encourages women to go to hospitals for their infections. She repeatedly urged and offered to take Bolin, who has Medicaid, for treatment.Hospitalizations for endocarditis increased almost 50 percent from 2002 to 2012 and average about $50,000 per patient, according to the Department of Health and Human Services. Little known to the public, it is well known to the medical community as a side effect of opioid addiction.Other related illnesses include:• Hepatitis C is the most common infectious disease affecting people with opioid use disorder, according to an analysis for USA TODAY by Amino, a health care analytics firm, but what's less known is that progress treating it is being reversed Continue Reading

Former Giants safety Tyler Sash joins long list of ex-NFL players who suffered with CTE

As Super Bowl 50 nears, yet another former NFL player has been diagnosed with CTE. Tuesday, former Giants safety Tyler Sash joined dozens of former players — including 34 of 35 from a Boston University School of Medicine study — that showed signs of the degenerative disease, which can only be diagnosed posthumously. FOLLOW THE DAILY NEWS SPORTS ON FACEBOOK. "LIKE" US HERE. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy occurs in people with a history of repetitive brain trauma, leaving them with symptoms that can range from confusion to depression to memory loss. Here is look at some of the most notable players who were found to have had the disease: Frank Gifford One of the game’s icons, Gifford enjoyed a Hall of Fame career with the Giants from 1952 to 1964 before becoming a beloved “Monday Night Football” announcer for 27 years. The football great died of natural causes last August at age 84, but three months later his family announced that a team of pathologists had examined his brain and diagnosed him with CTE, confirming their suspicions. Gifford, who missed the entire 1961 season following a famously vicious hit by Chuck Bednarik, is the oldest confirmed case of CTE. LUPICA: FRANK GIFFORD NEVER WANTED TO COME OUT OF THE GAME Junior Seau One of the most notable cases of CTE, Seau played for almost 20 years in the NFL and was one of the best linebackers of any generation. In May of 2012, just three years after his retirement, his girlfriend found him dead with a gunshot wound to the chest. The National Institute of Health conducted a study of his brain. They concluded that his brain showed cellular changes consistent with CTE. JUNIOR SEAU'S DAUGHTER REMEMBERS DAD ON HIS 47TH BIRTHDAY Jovan Belcher Belcher was a linebacker for the Kansas City Chiefs who played three years in the NFL. In November 2012, Belcher shot and killed his girlfriend Continue Reading

The unhealthiest generation? Baby boomers live longer than their parents but face more health woes: study

They're living longer — just not healthier. American baby boomers — those born between 1946 and 1964 — may be the first generation in recent history to be less healthy than their parents at midlife, according to a report published this week in JAMA Internal Medicine. Despite being the generation that gave us health trends like specialized running shoes, aerobics classes and fitness walking, boomers also have higher rates of chronic disease and obesity, as well as a poorer self-perception of their own health. RELATED: BOOMERS USHER IN NEW ERA OF 'WORK TIL YOU DROP' To compare boomers with their parents, the study polled 46- to 64-year-olds during two different time periods: 1988-94, and 2007-10. Among the findings: —Only 13% of baby boomers described their health as "excellent," compared to 32% of the older generation. —52% of boomers reported no regular physical activity, up from 17% in the older generation. —39% of boomers were obese, compared to 29% of their parents. Boomers were also more likely to have high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes. —Baby boomers were more likely to be disabled than their parents were at the same age. "Disability" was defined as having to walk with a cane, having trouble stooping, or having trouble completing short distances such as being able to climb 10 steps or walking a quarter mile. —The one bright spot: Boomers had lower rates of heart attack and emphysema, probably because they are less likely to smoke than their parents. "There seems to be somewhat of a disconnect between the reputation of baby boomers for being healthy and what we see in increasing rates of diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity," said study author Dr. Dana King, a professor of family medicine at West Virginia University School of Medicine, according to HealthDay News. "It's really discouraging that they're not the healthiest generation." It's Continue Reading

Students tweet their insights while watching a movie

NEW BRUNSWICK – Scene: A darkened lecture hall-turned-cinema. "Forrest Gump" on the screen, students hunched over computers and cell phonesAction: @alydastab#FIDLER_Gump: Did Jenny just have a flashback? @atobiamd#FIDLER_Gump: Chronic feelings of nothingness and suicidality characteristic of borderlineWelcome to one of the newest psychiatry courses at Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School where once a month on a Thursday evening some 200 students from Rutgers University and Robert Wood Johnson Medical School gather to watch movies and tweet about them."Movies can teach so much about psychopathology and psychiatry, including diagnostics, issues of medical ethics, the stigma of mental illness," said Anthony Tobia, an associate professor of psychiatry at Rutgers-RWJMS who created the course he offers with assistance from a select group of residents and medical students.What makes the class novel, he says, is the active Twitter feed, which allows students and teachers to communicate with each other rapidly, in real time, about clinical observations during a movie without disturbing anyone. The tweets — probing questions and astute psychological observations about characters or plot lines — scroll at the bottom of the movie screen. Some students say it's the closest thing to reading someone's mind."Social media provides a unique method of developing critical thinking and building on clinical knowledge," said Tobia, who serves as master tweeter for the class. "The Twitter discussion allows me to reach more students and for them to engage with each other in a way a traditional classroom doesn't allow. The key is having knowledgeable facilitators to guide them on the journey."The course — "Film Depictions to Learn Mental Disease," affectionately known as FIDLER — was approved as a one-credit elective by the Rutgers-RWJMS curriculum committee in 2013. This year Tobia opened it up to psychology students in Rutgers' School of Arts and Continue Reading