Foxridge Collegiate Apt Homes

Foxridge Collegiate Apartment Homes in Blacksburg We offer spacious rooms, terrific service and prime location – just minutes from Virginia Tech. Experience the BEST in Collegiate Living. With our clubhouses, swimming pools, basketball and tennis courts, and fun social events, you will see why Foxridge Apartment Homes is voted the #1 Apartment Community in Blacksburg by readers of the Collegiate Times. Apartment homes available with washers & dryers, great recreational facilities and fields, nearby stores, banks, ATMs, restaurants! Apply for your Foxridge Apartment Home today with our online rental application form. Continue Reading

Cahoon’s Florist and Gifts

Cahoon's Florist and Gifts offers beautiful, fresh flower arrangements in Fincastle, VA. Our expert florists create the perfect gifts to suit any special occasion. Cahoon's Florist and Gifts also offers quick and easy floral delivery around Fincastle. Need flowers delivered across the country? Our trusted network of florists can deliver nationwide. Cahoon's Florist and Gifts also offers same-day delivery services for any last minute gift needs. Make the right impression with fresh flowers from Cahoon's Florist and Gifts. Find the perfect floral gift for any holiday or occasion - from lovely Mother’s Day flowers and romantic anniversary flowers to sympathy funeral flowers and thoughtful get well flowers. Trust your local Fincastle VA florist for the freshest, most beautiful bouquets to fit any budget. Cahoon's Florist and Gifts offers the best arrangements gifts for the ones you love, like special birthday flowers and exquisite Valentine’s Day flowers for the ones you love. You can rely on Cahoon's Florist and Gifts - the best floral gifts in Fincastle! Browse our website for a variety of options – from fresh flower arrangements to customized gift baskets. When you find the perfect gift, you can order online or call us directly. No matter what your taste or budget, you can trust Cahoon's Florist and Gifts to deliver beautiful flowers to friends and family in Fincastle and across the country. Continue Reading

Andre’s Banquet and Catering

Since our inception in 1980, Andre’s Banquets and Catering in St. Louis has become synonymous with an unforgettable experience for your wedding reception or special event. We have built a reputation for uncommon quality and exemplary service. Every aspect of your wedding reception or special event is important to us and we are committed to making each moment extraordinary for your guests. When you are planning a romantic wedding reception, corporate meeting or special event, you can be certain that your affair will be perfect down to the last detail. The finest in cuisine, presentation and service, coupled with a spectacular setting allows us to provide you with a perfectly seamless experience. You deserve the finest! Andre’s Banquets and Catering offers you exceptional cuisine, priceless one-on-one client relationships and professional event coordinators, which is why we are continually recognized as one of St. Louis’s premiere wedding reception and special event venues. Andre’s Banquets and Catering is the only “One Stop Shop” in the country, providing optional discounted services such as invitations, tuxedo rental, photographers, disc jockey, limousine service and florists. Andre’s also performs ceremonies, making the day of your wedding as convenient and effortless as possible. Andre’s has five locations to accommodate the St. Louis and Jefferson County areas, as well as 8 custom catering vans to bring the party to you. All locations are decorated and comparable to hotel luxury. Accommodations are available from 30-500 guests in-house and 50-2000 for off premise events. Andre’s Banquets and Catering - South | 314-894-2622 4254 Telegraph Rd., St. Louis, MO. 63129 | Seated Capacity 500 Andre’s Banquets and Catering - West | 314-691-5650 211 S. Old Highway 141 Fenton, MO. 63026 | Seated Capacity 350 Andre’s Catering @ Sunset Hills Golf Course & Banquet Center | 314-448-2414 | 13366 W Watson Rd, Continue Reading

Men’s Wellness Centers |Testosterone Therapy

The Men’s Wellness Centers is a network of clinics specializing in treatments that improve the overall health and quality-of-life of our male patients in a comfortable, casual and caring setting. Our unique treatment plans include Testosterone Replacement Therapy, Erectile Dysfunction Treatments as well as a proprietary Weight Loss & Energy Boost Program administered by a staff of licensed physicians and other medical professionals that specialize in the latest treatment options available for the needs unique to men. Our staff of licensed physicians and other medical professionals will diagnose each patient in a private consultation session that will include a thorough medical history, physical examination, blood work and other tests as deemed necessary by the physician. A personalized treatment plan will be completed and presented for most patients at the conclusion of their initial appointment. The Men’s Wellness Center is committed to provide exemplary concierge medical services featuring a comprehensive, confidential and efficient process by medical professionals dedicated to improve the overall health and quality-of-life of our male patients. We specialize in treating low testosterone, erectile dysfunction, excess weight, and lack of energy in our male patients. Our Richmond office is located just off West Broad Street. Turn right onto Innslake Drive from Cox Road and follow to loop until you see our location on the right. We currently have locations in Newport News and Virginia Beach, Virginia! Continue Reading

Invisible Fence Brand of Richmond

Invisible Fence Brand of Richmond provides the original brand of dog fence to protect your dog…and cat…from leaving your yard. Invisible Fence® Brand Containment Solutions create an escape proof virtual endless boundary around your property using our exclusive and patented Boundary Plus® Technology. It’s innovative technology is not only safer for your dog or cat, but also provides up to 30% more yard space and is the most behaviorally sound dog containment system available. The innovation continues with the GPS 2.0 – The ultimate Wire Free Pet Fence™. The most advanced pet fence available uses GPS satellites to set containment boundaries in any shape with no maximum size. No wires or digging and perfect for large properties. In addition to our Containment Solutions, Invisible Fence® Brand Shields® Indoor and Outdoor Solutions are a quick and easy way to keep your pet away from areas inside and outside your home including gardens, furniture, trash, counters, and more. The Invisible Fence® Brand Doorman™ solution is our programmable electronic pet door that gives your dogs and cats the freedom to safely exit and enter your home on a schedule of your choosing…and it keeps unwanted animals out. Designed to work together, our systems give you amazing options to expand your pets’ freedom and happiness. With the same Computer Collar® unit, your pet can have safe yard boundaries, access our secure pet door, and learn to stop bad behaviors inside and outside the home. All of these systems easily integrate, plus all include professional installation and expert pet training to Training your pet with our proven P.E.T. Approach™ training method ensures the success of Invisible Fence Brand of Richmond  pet management solutions every time, with any pet, and in every household. The result? An unparalleled success rating of over 99% and the most effective Containment, Avoidance and Access Continue Reading

Maple Leaf Cottage Inn

Welcome to Maple Leaf Cottage Inn Maple Leaf Cottage Inn is your home away from home. We offer the perfect destination for both special occasions and overnight lodging. Enjoy amazing views, beautiful hiking, and biking trails. We are also located mere minutes away from shopping, fine dining, and entertainment in Grafton and Alton, Illinois. Come immerse yourself in our signature Southern Hospitality!  Call or book now: 618-374-1684 Cottages Select a Room Below to view our Calendar and Availability.     Contact Information ForMaple Leaf Cottage Inn 12 Selma St.P.O. Box 156Elsah, IL 62028 Continue Reading

Rick’s Breakfast House

Rick’s Breakfast House is the number one location in Sea Isle City, for a hearty breakfast and lunch. From fresh ground coffee, donuts, muffins, bagels, pastries, omelets, breakfast sandwiches, French toast, pancakes, waffles, and traditional eggs and bacon breakfasts, we have all your breakfast hunger needs covered. Locally owned and operated Come join us on our patio or take a seat inside in one of our comfy booths. Our customers come far and wide to enjoy our daily treats. Their reviews online are a testament to our delicious menu and our friendly service. From out-of-towners to locals, we are always making friends. Continue Reading

United States Navy

REASONS TO JOIN THE US NAVY Whether you are going Active Duty or joining the Reserve, The Navy does more than launch ships and aircraft. It launches careers and you'll earn a sense of purpose that few civilian careers can match. With a true opportunity to make a difference in the world and for your country, you'll be part of something bigger than yourself. The experience at your Navy job can springboard you into a fulfilling military service career and lead to outstanding opportunities in the private sector. The training, education, technical skills and life lessons you learn in the Navy can carry you into a bright future with unlimited possibilities. There are many reasons to be part of America's Navy: good pay, outstanding health-care benefits, generous vacation time, plus opportunities for advancement and travel. It’s a full-time commitment with lifetime benefits to your character, whether you stay in or use it for experience in a civilian career. The Navy is also the right fit for all kinds of people and the chance to make lifelong connections If you're already in a satisfying career – or simply interested in part-time service – the Navy Reserve could be the perfect complement. If you’ve never served before, you’ll also gain a sense of higher mission. The Navy can enhance your career and provide paid training to help you advance. If you are currently serving or have served before, you know the life. You know the camaraderie and the thrill of having a job where people truly rely on you. The Navy Reserve can put that back in your life, while you keep taking care of your family and working in your civilian career. Are you former military from another branch? You'll find a job-oriented culture in the US Navy plus all the honor, pride and discipline from your previous service. Continue Reading

Mexico Road Florist

350 Mid Rivers Mall Dr Saint Peters, MO 63376 Last Updated: September 22, 2016 SundayClosed MondayClosed Tuesday10:00 am - 5:00 pm Wednesday10:00 am - 5:00 pm Thursday10:00 am - 5:00 pm Friday10:00 am - 5:00 pm Saturday9:00 am - 12:00 pm About Mexico Road Florist About us.. We are all about you.  We have been your neighborhood florist for over 30 years.  We have had 2 owners; Denise Buddemeyer Nelson (1979-2004) and Karen Conant (2004-Present). We continue to grow and expand to serve you and your families needs.   We provide this commenting area for readers to exchange ideas and opinions on the day's news. Passionate views, pointed criticism and critical thinking are welcome. Name-calling, crude language, off-topic remarks and abuse are not. You must be logged into a personal account on Facebook to comment. Readers are responsible for their comments and abuse of this privilege will not be tolerated. Continue Reading

Detroit’s old police HQ: Escapes, vanishing evidence, bird corpses

Share This Story! Let friends in your social network know what you are reading about Facebook Email Twitter Google+ LinkedIn Pinterest Detroit's old police HQ: Escapes, vanishing evidence, bird corpses The old police headquarters, which is set to be redeveloped, is steeped in history. Sent! A link has been sent to your friend's email address. Posted! A link has been posted to your Facebook feed. Join the Conversation To find out more about Facebook commenting please read the Conversation Guidelines and FAQs Ann Zaniewski, Detroit Free Press Published 11:11 a.m. ET March 9, 2018 | Updated 11:12 a.m. ET March 9, 2018 CLOSE The old Detroit Police Department headquarters opened in 1922 at 1300 Beaubien. The building is filled with stories. The police department left it in 2013, and in 2018, businessman Dan Gilbert announced plans to redevelop it. Ann Zaniewski / Detroit Free Press Wochit CONNECT TWEET LINKEDIN COMMENT EMAIL MORE George Clooney filmed a movie there.  A homeless woman called it home. Big-time bootleggers were locked up in its cells, and cockroaches as big as mice crawled the walls.  The Detroit Police Department's gritty old headquarters at 1300 Beaubien is legendary — and back in the spotlight with news that businessman Dan Gilbert is planning to redevelop it.  The building was home to the city's police force for more than 90 years, until 2013. It starred in movies, inspired writers and left its mark on thousands of police men and women — and bad guys.  The place is full of stories ...  State of the art The 9-story headquarters on Beaubien at the edge of Greektown opened in late 1922. It was designed by Albert Kahn, based on Italian Renaissance style and built of reinforced concrete.    The building was state of the art for its time, with the men's lockup on the top floor Continue Reading

A lesser known Minnesotan aviation pioneer: Florence ‘Tree Tops’ Klingensmith

The first licensed female pilot in North Dakota and a pioneer of aviation, Florence “Tree Tops” Klingensmith made a name for herself in air racing circuits, winning several prizes and setting records. At a time when women were expected to stay at home, Klingensmith followed her own path. Florence Gunderson was born on September 3, 1904, in Oakport Township, Minnesota, to Gust and Florence Gunderson. In addition to owning a small farm, Florence’s father, Gust, worked as a janitor and bus driver at the school Florence and her three siblings attended. A career change for Gust moved the family to Moorhead in 1918. Florence, a gutsy and athletic fourteen-year-old at the time, scandalized her neighbors as she motorcycled down Moorhead streets. When Florence was twenty-two, she met and married Charles Klingensmith. The marriage lasted for only a year and a half before ending in divorce. When Charles A. Lindbergh touched down at the Hector Air Field in Fargo on August 26, 1927, Florence Klingensmith was there to witness the event. Watching him, she decided in that moment to become a pilot — a radical career choice for a woman at the time. The first licensed female pilot in the world had been France’s Raymonde de Laroche in 1910, but women had been taking to the skies for decades, since the earliest days of flight. Klingensmith wanted to join them. In early 1928, Klingensmith started taking classes at an auto school in Fargo, North Dakota, and worked as a mechanic’s apprentice at Hector Field. These experiences gave her a broad knowledge of airplanes and enabled her to take flying lessons. In the same year, Klingensmith’s instructor asked her to be his stunt girl in area flying exhibitions; she agreed to take the job in exchange for more lessons. Klingensmith’s first skydive was in June of 1928 and nearly ended in disaster. She was unconscious when she hit the ground, but survived. After the accident, she was more determined Continue Reading

The 1860 Eliza Winston court case illustrates Minnesota’s complicated racial politics

On August 21, 1860, enslaved African American Eliza Winston was freed from her Mississippi owner in a Minneapolis court. After being granted legal freedom, however, Winston faced white mob violence and was forced to leave the area. The event showed that although slavery was illegal in Minnesota, many white Minnesotans supported the practice when it economically benefited them. Eliza Winston was thirty years old in 1860, and she had been close to freedom once before. Her husband, Jim Winston, was a free man of color who planned to buy Winston's freedom from her owner at the time. But Jim died during a trip to Liberia, and she was pawned or sold to Mississippian Richard Christmas. In the summer of 1860, Eliza Winston traveled to St. Anthony when Christmas, his wife, Mary, and their young daughter went on vacation. Christmas brought Winston along so she could care for the daughter and for Mary, who was ill. Like many vacationing Southern slaveholders, they roomed at the Winslow House. Although slavery was legal in Southern states, Minnesota banned the practice in its first state constitution of 1857. That might not have been enough to grant Winston her freedom, however. Under the U.S. Supreme Court's 1857 Dred Scott v. Sandford ruling a few months earlier, an enslaved person could not become free simply because he or she lived in a state that banned slavery. Fortunately for Winston, Northern judges usually ignored the Dred Scott decision. If the circumstances were right, Winston had a chance of being freed. While Winston was in St. Anthony, she met Emily and Ralph Grey, a free African American couple. The Greys were respected community members and abolitionists with ties to powerful local figures. They introduced Winston to notable local anti-slavery leaders, including W.D. Babbitt, Ariel S. Bigelow, and William S. King, later founder of Northrup, King and Company. On August 21, Emily Grey, Babbitt, and Grey's white friend Mrs. Gates filed a legal Continue Reading

How Mennonites came to Cottonwood County, Minnesota

Believing that war and violence are inconsistent with Jesus’s teachings to love one’s enemies, a group of people from Molotschna Colony, Russia — Mennonites of Dutch descent — searched for a permanent home in the early 1870s. They found such a place, where they could follow their faith without persecution, in Minnesota’s Cottonwood County. Menno Simon, a Dutch Catholic priest born in 1496 in Witmarsum, Friesland, Holland, was part of the Anabaptist Reformation of the sixteenth century. Simons taught nonresistance, advocated a Christ-centered lifestyle, and claimed that the teachings of Jesus held the most importance in the Bible. He also taught that baptism should follow (rather than precede) a person’s commitment to Jesus Christ. People who followed the teachings of Simons were called Mennonites. To escape persecution, the original Mennonites immigrated from Western Europe to Prussia in the 1600s. From there, they moved to Russia in the 1700s. By 1789, 228 Mennonite families had settled in the village of Chortiza, the first Russian Mennonite colony. Other colonies formed as Mennonites migrated to Russia to avoid persecution in Prussia. In 1810, 400 families lived in the Molotschna Colony, which was made up of sixty villages. It is from this group that the Carson Mennonite Brethren Church founders came. Czar Alexander II reformed the Russian military after losing the Crimean War in 1856. He terminated many of the privileges given to Mennonites by Catherine the Great, including military exemption. Mennonites, believing that participating in war compromised their faith, sent delegations to explore emigrating to North America. The first Mennonites from Russia to arrive in Cottonwood County came in 1873, when thirteen families immigrated to Mt. Lake from the Crimea. In April 1874, Minnesota senator William Windom introduced a bill (S. No. 655) in the U.S. Senate which urged the United States to establish permanent settlements for Continue Reading

Founded in 1888, St. Peter Claver Church was Minnesota’s first African American Catholic Church

Founded in 1888, St. Peter Claver Church was the first African American Catholic Church in Minnesota. The parish was created by St. Paul’s African American Catholic community and an Archbishop who vowed to “blot out the color line.” Before the parish was founded, St. Paul’s small African American Catholic population attended services at one of the Catholic churches in the area. However, Archbishop John Ireland hoped to actively recruit more African American Catholics. Archbishop Ireland was an early civil rights supporter. He called upon all Catholics to ignore differences of race. After the 1888 canonization of St. Peter Claver, a missionary to enslaved people in Colombia, Ireland saw an opportunity. That year, he invited Father John Slattery to make a speaking tour of St. Paul. Slattery, a white priest from Baltimore, was well known for his preaching to African American communities. By the end of Slattery’s visit, the St. Peter Claver Sodality was taking shape in St. Paul. The Sodality, a Catholic group of religious laypeople, met in a church in downtown St. Paul. Their services were led by priests from the cathedral. Early members included noted St. Paul lawyer Fredrick McGhee and Western Appeal founder Samuel Hardy. The Sodality held services on Market Street until 1892, when it began to plan for expansion. In the summer of 1892, the group began to raise funds for the construction of a new church. They bought land on the corner of Farrington and Aurora Avenues in St. Paul. The congregation of St. Peter Claver was officially formed on October 19. Fredrick McGhee and Archbishop Ireland both signed its charter. The new church was dedicated on December 18, 1892. St. Peter Claver was a cultural center of the African American Catholic community. The congregation held Sunday school classes and had a church choir. Both men’s and women’s community groups formed. In 1896, the congregation began the Toussaint L’Ouverture Continue Reading

100 years after being excluded from the Minnesota State Capitol, women rebuilt it

When the Minnesota State Capitol opened to the public and legislators on Jan. 2, 1905, it was a modern wonder, with a dazzling white marble exterior and the latest technology: interior lamps that ran on electricity. But there was something notably missing from the project, and from the group of legislators and construction workers gathered in St. Paul to celebrate the occasion: women.  Women didn’t work on the construction crews that built the Capitol, and no women were part of architect Cass Gilbert’s original design team. And since there were also no women serving in the state Legislature, the original design of the Capitol didn’t even include women’s restrooms. Fast forward more than 100 years, as crews finish up work on a massive $310 million project to restore the Capitol for the next 100 years: restoring murals and plaster work in every corner of the building; installing and carving massive slabs of marble on the exterior; rewiring the building to make it a modern workspace. Everyone agrees: It wouldn't have happened without women. From the state senator who introduced the first bill to catalog the damage to the state Capitol to the electricians, painters, architects and construction workers, women played an integral part of the building’s restoration — at every level. This time around, when the Capitol celebrates its official reopening in August, there will be a lot more women at the party.  “Every meeting you go to, every time you turn around, it was mostly women at the table,” said Ginny Lackovic, an architect and historic preservationist who spent years working on the Capitol. “I’ve never had a project like that, with such a representation of women from every angle, at all levels.”  The legislator: ‘I couldn’t really get anybody to listen’ Ann Rest has spent plenty of time in the hallways and chambers of the Minnesota Capitol. First elected to a seat in the Continue Reading

With help from Vikings, KFAN tops radio ratings

If there’s a single big performer in the latest Twin Cities radio ratings, it’s … the Vikings. The success and hype around the team this year has produced a steady climb in audience numbers for the all-sports KFAN-FM 100.3 (officially KFXN-FM) over the last couple months, resulting in a return to the No. 1 slot. So okay, let’s do the usual, somewhat windy disclaimer here: The numbers below represent a survey of all listeners 12 years of age and older, i.e. “12-plus,” which means everyone from pre-bopper Kyra with a mad crush on (fill in teen idol du jour) to grizzled, can’t-ever-find-his-keys grandpa Ed. But commercial radio is a targeted demographic business. KQRS morning man Tom Barnard makes the money he does because his show is aimed at entertaining 25-54 year olds, and 25-54-year-old men in particular. KQ sells ads to companies who want in turn to sell stuff to that slice of the population. Likewise, MyTalk 107 lives to chat another day by attracting women. Which is to say that these “12-plus” numbers, while they give a broad view of the popularity of local stations, are not where the game is played inside the business. To all that, I’ll add that even in a “metered world,” where individual listeners tote around devices that pick up signals from stations they’re being exposed to — in their cars, at work, in bars, wherever — it’s still a funky mess of a system. This most recent report, for example, notes that out of a potential audience of 2,910,700 people in the Twin Cities market (the 16th largest in the US) the “ethnic composition” of that audience is “0.08% black” and a whopping “0.00 % Hispanic.” With numbers like that, Donald Trump could have a real shot at winning Minneapolis-St. Paul. But enough. Here’s the current rankings from Nielsen Audio: Minnesota radio ratings, August–October 2016 Continue Reading

‘Homemade’: A modest memoir about Beatrice Ojakangas’ amazing life in food

The Hinckley Fire Museum, just off I-35W in Hinckley, isn’t one of those fire department museums that display old-time fire-fighting equipment and memorabilia. This museum is dedicated to a specific fire, the devastating wildfire of Sept. 1, 1894. On that day, 418 white settlers and many more untallied Native people and backwoods dwellers died in an inferno caused by a combination of drought, hot weather and poor timber management practices at the height of the logging boom. The survivors had amazing stories of survival against the odds, such as the story Beatrice Ojakangas tells about her family’s experience in the fire in her new memoir, “Homemade: Finnish Rye, Feed Sack Fashion, and Other Simple Ingredients from My Life in Food” (University of Minnesota Press). Her mother, a child at the time, was badly burned in the fire, and scar tissue covered her arms for the rest of her life. “I thought all mothers had ‘flowers’ on their arms. I thought it was beautiful. But it was very traumatic, for a lot of people. She didn’t talk much about it until the last 10 years of her life. And then the stories came pouring out,” said Ojakangas. First of 10 children Now, in her first book that isn’t a cookbook — she has written 29 cookbooks, a feat that landed her in the James Beard Hall of Fame — Ojakangas tells some stories from her own life. From growing up the first of 10 children in a family of Finns in Northern Minnesota to becoming an influential writer and thinking on cooking and food culture, Ojakangas has collected some amazing stories. She wouldn’t put it that way, though. “I didn’t set out to have any kind of special life. I just did what I wanted and needed to do, and opportunities kept coming along. But I come from people who don’t make a big deal out of things. Finns are very shy. They tend to pull back and not boast. They are just busy getting their lives Continue Reading

Justice for Coxey

The day has come, it seems to us, to perform a simple act of justice to “General” Jacob S. Coxey, of Ohio, for the reason that, if some one does not recall at this time the facts of history, this great advocate of the people’s welfare will be deprived of his proper laurels. It will be remembered that in 1894, while the effects of the panic of the previous year were still acutely felt, Gen. Coxey organized his army of the dissatisfied and unemployed to march on Washington and demand of Congress that this Government of and for the people should be restored to the people. He was hooted at, ridiculed, denounced, and troops were called out to regulate the progress of his forces. But when he reached Washington a respectful hearing was accorded him by a Committee of Congress. His arguments were subsequently reprinted in pamphlet form, and it is upon this that we shall draw to prove that many of our modern reformers have deliberately plagiarized from Gen. Coxey in their efforts to set the people free. There is the initiative and referendum, for instance. How few people know that Coxey was the first of our great statesmen publicly to demand them, not only for Ohio, but for the nation–or at least to walk for them? Others, college professors and students of Swiss history, may have privately advocated these innovations, but Coxey and his followers were the first to go to Washington and ask to be counted, on the grounds of the Capitol, in favor of those propositions. There are those who would claim the honor of being the pioneer public man to advocate this reform for William S. U’Ren, of Oregon, to whom is also credited the proselyting of Woodrow Wilson. The latter fact may be true, but for Coxey we claim first honors, just as we proclaim him the originator of the idea of walking to a place in order to get what you want. This point we stress particularly lest a fickle public credit the political device to “Gen.” Rosalie Jones and her Continue Reading

Lawrence Strike and IWW: Syndicalism

The Lawrence strike has brought into public notice in this country a new type of labor union and a new philosophy of the labor movement. The strike at Lawrence was conducted by the Industrial Workers of the World, familiarly known as the I. W. W., whose principles go by the name of Syndicalism. The term has been popularized recently by events in England, where Mr. Tom Mann, a veteran labor leader and the exponent of the new movement in the British trade unions, has been put in prison for preaching sedition to the army in connection with the coal strike. Isolated theories and practices of Syndicalism have already become fairly familiar to the general reader. Such are the “general strike” which constitutes the basic principle of Syndicalism, and “direct action” which has achieved notoriety through the acts of the McNamara brothers. Even the French word sabotage has become acclimated in the newspapers. But a general account of the Syndicalist movement has been wanting till recently. The deficiency is now supplied by an admirable monograph, entitled “The Labor Movement in France,” from the hand of Mr. Louis Levine and published under the auspices of the Columbia University Department of Political Science. Syndicalism in its latest phase has arisen out of peculiar conditions in the French labor movement. But the truth of Mr. Levine’s contention is quite apparent: Syndicalism is essentially a revival of conditions that prevailed at the beginning of the international labor movement fifty years ago. When the “Internationale” was founded in 1864, it was almost from the beginning torn between two conflicting tendencies, which in broad terms we may characterize as the revolutionary spirit and the evolutionary, the anarchistic and the Socialistic, the gospel of violence as preached by Michael Bakunin, and the gospel of gradual transformation under the laws of industrial development as set forth by Karl Marx. In other words, Continue Reading

Mark Twain: Two Frontiersmen

It is an odd reflection that the future literary historian who seeks the greatest American writer of the end of the nineteenth century will pretty surely have to choose between Mark Twain and Henry James. None of their contemporaries, we feel, has so fully realized his native gift. Mark Twain and Henry James have apparently gone as far as it is possible to go in diametrically opposite directions. Yet there is a point at which their talents meet. Both are essentially frontiersmen. Mark Twain is the chronicler par excellence of the palpable frontier of robust America; Henry James is the scrupulous analyst of that spiritual frontier which unrobust and nostalgic America established in the old country. Each has brought to his chosen material a singular expertness and fidelity. If Mark Twain has stretched his muscles and spent his sympathy from the Mississippi to the Sierras, Henry James has no less lived strenuously through the more sombre spiritual adventure of the American in Europe. Sooner or later, sociologists will take account of a significant reciprocal movement. Just as America has attracted the alert, muscular, and hopeful hordes of Europe who seek material prosperity, so Europe has obsessed the gentler, more discursive, and brooding imaginations of a certain type of Americans. It is easy to dismiss them, once for all, as bad Americans. A careful reading of Henry James’s novels would prompt a more pitying judgment. Through their lack of simplicity and of constructive energy these people are aliens in their own land. They long for certain fruits of leisure and joys of reflection that it supplies in rather short measure. They are oppressed by the sense of a relentless activity the value of which they are forced to question. Whether they go to Europe or stay, they are in a manner outlanders, and where they settle in numbers there is a spiritual frontier. It is needless to say that Henrv James is their prophet. That he is their advocate, it would be hazardous Continue Reading