On 12 November, Turkey's state-owned company Roketsan, one of the largest defence contractors, announced yet another successful rocket launch from the Black Sea province of Sinop on Twitter. Commenting on the event, President Erdogan highlighted that Turkey had entered “the space league”.
According to Anadolu Agency, Roketsan was tasked with implementing Turkey’s space programme in 2015. The country's first space rocket was launched in 2018, covering a distance of 130 kilometres. On 12 December, Erdogan formally established the Turkish Space Agency (TUA). One of the agency’s priority tasks is the preparation of the Turkish National Space Programme for the period from 2021 to 2030. It is expected that the details of the space exploration roadmap will be revealed by the Turkish president by the end of this year.
The president of Turkey’s Space Agency, Serdar Hüseyin Yildirim, has discussed the prospects for the development of the country’s space industry, space exploration plans, as well as Russo-Turkish cooperation in this field in an exclusive interview with Sputnik.
Sputnik: What is Turkey’s National Space Programme all about?
Yildirim : This programme reflects Turkey’s main objectives, which the country has set for itself in the space field, as well as the steps which are being taken to achieve them. We work and will work together with a large number of organisations and we will share this information with the public. For example, we are currently working on almost 30 projects, and very soon the details of this work will be released. When this happens, not only the Turks but all the countries of the world will be able to assess the degree of seriousness and magnitude of the intentions of our Agency.
Sputnik: Which countries are you currently negotiating with and have any agreements been signed already?
Yildirim : To date, we have held talks with about 20 countries and these negotiations are going on. We started negotiations and signed an agreement on mutual cooperation with Ukraine, and paid a visit to the country within a month. We also have signed an agreement with Hungary. In October, a visit to Kazakhstan took place, and a bilateral agreement was signed with the country.
In addition, we are actively developing relations with such countries as Russia, Japan, China, Pakistan, India, and Azerbaijan, and soon we are planning to sign new agreements. In the future, we will continue to build contacts with many countries with which we are conducting preliminary negotiations.
Our doors are open to everyone. Space exploration is a very complex and expensive job requiring high technologies, therefore international cooperation plays a very important role in this field. Only a few countries in the world, such as the United States, China, and Russia , can carry out this work single-handedly, but even they are willing to cooperate with other states for the reasons I have named.
Turkey is not going to do this work alone. We assume that we will be able to move forward much faster if we cooperate with other countries. The agency has attracted a lot of attention in the world, exceeding our expectations. For example, Latin American countries, including Chile and Peru, have signalled their interest.
Sputnik: Among the countries you mentioned, there are those which are in conflict with each other…
Yildirim : Space is a neutral zone. Political and military conflicts are possible between countries. But they never affect space exploration. The best example of this is the cooperation between the United States and Russia. They compete in many areas, but they work together at the International Space Station (ISS).
Sputnik: Russia is closely watching Turkey’s research in the space exploration field. Following talks with Turkish Ambassador to Russia Mehmet Samsar, the head of Russia’s federal space agency Roscosmos, Dmitry Rogozin, announced the preparation of a Russian-Turkish intergovernmental framework agreement on cooperation in space research.
Yildirim : We also wanted to meet with Mr Rogozin, but we have not been able to hold this meeting yet due to the pandemic. Our mutual desire and intent to establish cooperation in the field of space exploration is constantly emphasised by our ambassadors and during the negotiations between the leaders of our countries.
Recently, Russian Ambassador to Turkey Alexei Erkhov visited our agency. It was an introductory meeting during which a mutual exchange of views took place; the Russian side provided us with a draft of a bilateral agreement on space cooperation. The preparation process will take some time, because it’s a really large-scale agreement. We see that we can work together with Russia on cooperation in the field of space flights, satellite launches, space stations, and in other areas.
Sputnik: There is also a military aspect of this cooperation, isn’t there?
Yildirim : Yes, but our agency is involved in civil research. Military projects are the brainchild of the Presidency of Defence Industries (SSB). We are aware of military projects, but as an organisation we do not belong to these projects. We conduct our activities entirely within the framework of the UN treaty on the peaceful uses of outer space.
Sputnik: Earlier, the Roscosmos head announced that the Russian Space Centre is considering the possibility of training Turkish cosmonauts and sending them to the ISS. Is work on a corresponding agreement underway?
Yildirim : We all want a Turkish citizen and a Turkish flag to go into space. We are working to accomplish this task. Russia is an important partner in this matter. It possesses resources and capabilities which make it possible. In addition to Russia, the Americans are also showing interest in cooperation with us in this field . The final decision lies with our president.
Sputnik: Is there a possibility of establishing trilateral cooperation in the field of space research between Russia, Turkey, and Kazakhstan?
Yildirim : We have signed a bilateral agreement with Kazakhstan, and we will soon sign one with Russia. In addition, active cooperation is going on between Russia and Kazakhstan. Russia operates the Baikonur Cosmodrome which is located in Kazakhstan; and its working lifespan has been extended. Therefore, trilateral cooperation in terms of preparation and support of launches seems to be quite logical and reasonable.
Baikonur is one of the largest facilities which provide great opportunities. Some of the launch systems available there are not currently in use; there is a possibility of developing an investment and joint use model. However, to this end, we need to advance in the field of technologies for space craft launching in the first place. Trilateral work can be considered not only in the field of launching, but also in the joint development of some space systems.
Sputnik: Currently, Turkey launches its satellites abroad. What is the country doing to ensure that satellites will be launched domestically in the future?
Yildirim : This is an urgent issue for us. Independent access to space offers a very important opportunity for the state. Every country sets this goal for its space agency. This is not an easy task, but Turkey has already set it. For example, works on a microsatellite launch system are already underway, with Roketsan assigned with the task. We are planning to jump at an opportunity to launch our own satellites into low and medium orbit soon. We are planning to cooperate with a large number of countries in this field.
Sputnik: What opportunities do you provide to those private companies and entrepreneurs who want to work with the agency in order to contribute to Turkey’s space exploration endeavour?
Yildirim : We want to develop a space ecosystem in Turkey and the private sector is its most important component. To date, I have established contacts with many representatives of the private sector and visited their technological clusters. If their projects are in line with our strategy, we provide them with strong support, determine focus areas for them, and start funding them shortly on a design basis.
It is very difficult to develop the space industry in the country only with the assistance of the state; the private sector must necessarily be involved in this process, and must be an integral part of it. Our agency is ready to support any sane project in the field of space exploration in Turkey.
The views and opinions expressed in the article do not necessarily reflect those of Sputnik.
- What does it mean to be a NASA astronaut in the celebrity space age of Elon Musk and Richard Branson?
- NASA Says Astronauts in Good Condition After Emergency Landing
- Yandex Expands To Turkey, First Shots Fired In New Google, Baidu & Yandex Stand Off
- Inside the strange, retro world of Russian 'womanhood schools'
- The Mysteries of Ad Quality Revealed (Yet Again)
- 1995 marked the birth of internet-paranoia films
- 9 Biggest Differences Between Yandex vs Google SEO
- Wolfgang Ischinger on Northern Syria: German Defense Minister's Proposal 'Deserves Recognition'
- What is the difference between The Satanic Temple and the Church of Satan?
- As G-20 Summit Opens, Contentious Issues Loom on Sidelines
- Philosophers On Brexit
- 'Proof Of Collusion' Author Seth Abramson: Evidence Against Trump Will 'Blow A Jury's Hair Back'
- ARTWORLD ROUNDTABLE: IS CULTURAL APPROPRIATION EVER OKAY?
- 'We Do Big Things': State of the Union 2011
- Cardiovascular diseases and nutrition in Europe: A lot of premature deaths preventable
- The Top 5 Board Games That Really
- War Games: German Syria Proposal a Risk for Merkel Ally
- How culture works with evolution to produce human cognition – Cecilia Heyes
- State of the New Economy
- Three big questions that follow the death of Baghdadi
|CASKA X Mirror - World's Best Smart Rearview Mirror with Dash Cam Video Recorder, GPS Navigation, Bluetooth, Rear View Camera (check at Amazon)||5.0|
|Lily's Home Portable Bluetooth Speaker with Stand - Black (check at Amazon)||1.0|
|Bestpriceam (Tm) New 2015 Charger Cradle Charging Dock for Samsung Gear S Smart Watch Sm R750 with USB Cable (check at Amazon)||5.0|
|Fisher Space Pen Bullet Grip with Conductive Stylus, Blister-Carded (SBG1/S) (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Nature's Recipe Farm Stand Selects with Turkey, Fruits, and Vegetables Dry Dog Food, 4-Pound (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Nature's Recipe Farm Stand Selects with Turkey, Fruits, and Vegetables Dry Dog Food, 4-Pound (Pack of 5) (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Regency Cooking Butcher's Twine on Handy Dispenser with Cutter for Meat Prep and Trussing Turkey $22.9 (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Outsmart the TOEFL: Barron's Test Strategies and Tips with Audio CDs (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|The Beginner's Guide to Reloading Ammunition: With Space and Money Saving Tips for Apartment Dwellers and Those on a Budget $11.99 (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Master of Orion 3: The Ultimate Space Strategy Game: Prima's Official Strategy Guide (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Barron's SAT Strategies for Students with Learning Disabilities (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|The Underdog's Guide to the SAT Strategy Guide: Prepare With a Passion, Relax into the Win, Have Some Fun Along the Way (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Speaker's EDGE: Secrets and Strategies for Connecting with Any Audience (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|The Prayer Warrior's Way: Strategies from Heaven for Intimate Communication with God (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Leading with the Heart: Coach K's Successful Strategies for Basketball, Business, and Life (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Russia's Arctic Strategies and the Future of the Far North (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Total Wellness: Improve Your Health by Understanding and Cooperating with Your Body's Natural Healing Systems (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|By Mike Krzyzewski Leading with the Heart: Coach K's Successful Strategies for Basketball, Business, and Life (1St Edition) (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|McGraw-Hill's Nursing School Entrance Exams with CD-ROM, 2nd Edition: Strategies + 16 Practice Tests $5.89 (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Sly Cooper: Prima's Official Strategy Guide (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Jay McGraw's Life Strategies for Dealing with Bullies (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Jay McGraw's Life Strategies for Dealing with Bullies [Hardcover]  (Author) Jay McGraw, Steve Bj÷rkman, Dr. Phil McGraw (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Voices: A Woman's Journal of Self-Expression, With Quotes and Space for Notes (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|The Unknown War with Russia: Wilson's Siberian Intervention (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|What's Luck Got To Do With It?: How To Use Strategy To Improve Your Chances of Winning Sweepstakes, Contests and Lotteries $14.99 (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|A Clinician's Guide to Helping Children Cope and Cooperate with Medical Care: An Applied Behavioral Approach (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Jay McGraw's Life Strategies for Dealing with Bullies [JAY MCGRAWS LIFE STRATEGIES FO] (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Let's Talk Strategies: Conversations with Millionaires and Highly Successful Entrepreneurs: The SoloPreneurs Guide to Success (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Legend of Zelda The Wind Waker Prima's Official Strategy Guide with Ocarina of Time Strategy (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|DC Comics' The New Teen Titans: In cooperation with the President's Drug Awareness Campaign (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Axelrod & Cooper's Concise Guide to Writing with 2009 MLA and 2010 APA Updates (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Savings Bond Alert: How U.S. Savings Bonds Really Work - With Investment and Tax Strategies (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Invading Secular Space: Strategies for Tomorrow's Church (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|The Ultimate Insider's Guide to Doing Business With Russia (2 Volume Set) (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|The Strange Alliance;: The Story of our Efforts at Wartime Cooperation with Russia $75 (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Conrad's Bane: Adventures and MisAdventures With a Black Cloud Over Your Head $12.95 (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|mySAP.com Industry Solutions: New Strategies for Success with SAP's Industry Business Units (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Barron's Toefl Strategies: With Practice Tests (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Cooperating With Europe's Monetary Union (Policy Analyses in International Economics) $10.31 (check at Amazon)||3.5|
|Fodor's Turkey, 4th Edition: The Complete Guide with Ottoman Sites, Ancient Ruins and the Best Beach Resorts $5.98 (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Dementia: Caring For Parents or Partners With Alzheimer's: Positive strategies on how to cope with Alzheimer’s (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|How To Understand Common Behaviors in Children with Asperger’s (Parenting Asperger's Simple Strategies Series Book 4) (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Disney's Club Penguin - Complete Guide with Cheats, Hints, Strategies, & Tips! (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Securing Japan: Tokyo's Grand Strategy and the Future of East Asia: With a New Preface (Cornell Studies in Security Affairs) $9.99 (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|How To Understand Children with Asperger’s (Parenting Asperger's Simple Strategies Series Book 5) (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|From Conflict To Cooperation: Professional and Effective Strategies for Dealing with Difficult People at Work (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|How To Help Children with Asperger's in Education (Parenting Asperger's Simple Strategies Series Book 1) (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Be happy! - It's not that difficult.: Strategies for living with a light heart (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|How To Help Children with Asperger's in Communication and Emotions (Parenting Asperger's Simple Strategies Series Book 2) (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Cooperating with God: The Bridegroom's Prayer - Second Edition (check at Amazon)||0.0|
Turkey's Space Strategy: Trilateral Cooperation With Russia, Kazakhstan is Logical, Agency Head Says have 2443 words, post on sputniknews.com at December 4, 2020. This is cached page on USA Breaking News. If you want remove this page, please contact us.