MONTREAL — With blood pooling in his head, the “patient” didn’t stand a chance.
Rookie after rookie stepped up, trying to attack the patient’s brain tumor with surgical tools, but thankfully for the suffering patient, the surgery was a simulation at the Montreal Neurological Institute at McGill University.
The institute, affectionately known to residents as “The Neuro,” is the site of a surgery simulation technology called the NeuroTouch Cranio, which is billed as one of the most advanced brain surgery tools worldwide.
Commercial pilots generally learn the trickiest aspects of flying in simulators. NeuroTouch’s proponents argue that doctors should also train for surgery using simulators, especially because mistakes in surgery could be deadly.
“Our main goal is to improve the resident training. Previously, they were receiving that directly from the operating room,” said Dr. Hamed Azarnoush, a postdoctoral fellow at The Neuro. He spoke with reporters on June 6 during the Canadian Science Writers’ Association annual conference.
Preventing costly mistakes
Canada is lagging behind other nations in some aspects of surgery, according to a 2011 report by the Canadian Institute for Health Information.
Compared with the countries included in the report, Canada recorded higher-than-average “adverse events” during surgery, such as inadvertently puncturing or lacerating the patient, or accidentally leaving surgical equipment behind.
Surgeries to remove tumors present particular challenges to doctors. Removing growths can damage surrounding tissues, including blood vessels and nerves. But if part of the tumor is left behind, it could regrow and require more surgical intervention, increasing the risk to the patient.
NeuroTouch provides residents and doctors the chance to figure out how to approach complex procedures, without needing to open up a real person, Azarnoush said.
The surgical tools doctors grasp in the simulator provide artificial sensations similar to the real deal. Meanwhile, a screen shows an HD simulation of a tumor, and the tools’ effects on it. This lets surgeons learn their way by feel as well as sight.
‘This is not something that can be brought in right away’
The simulator, built in conjunction with Canada’s National Research Council, is 3 years old and is currently being used in training studies.
Researchers have praised some benefits of the technology in published papers, but it is still at least several years away from being implemented for career neurosurgeons, said Dr. Rolando Del Maestro, the director of the institute’s Neurological Simulation Research Centre.
“This is not something that can be brought in [to surgical training programs] right away. You can imagine the backlash would be on something like this,” Del Maestro told LiveScience.
Instead, he said it would be a gradual process, as trainees today complete simulator work and become doctors themselves. Then they might be more accepting of completing refresher training on the computer, similar to how pilots do it, he added.
Early studies on medical students using NeuroTouch Cranio show the simulator could eventually be used to identify which have excellent surgical skills, and which might require more training.
As neurosurgeons in training are often not rejected for technical skills until near the end of their five or six years of school, this could provide remedial action much sooner in the process, Del Maestro said.
How to learn brain surgery
Before being used as an operating tool, the simulator must demonstrate several stages of competence: it must look similar to a real operation, teach skills usable in real patients, distinguish expert surgeons from novices, and solve real-world problems.
Papers have been published concerning the first two of these skills, and several other studies on the third skill are being assessed for a number of different neurosurgical operations, Del Maestro said.
A paper accepted for publication with the International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology, for example, evaluates the technical skills of selected medical students, junior and senior residents and provides metrics for each one.
“It shows three junior residents who are very good [with NeuroTouch.] Those three are actually better than the senior residents,” even though they’ve been with the program for a shorter time, Del Maestro said.
“One of those questions you can ask are if those individuals have potential to become expert neurosurgeons, world-class international ones who have those technical skills.”
Starting tomorrow (June 21), Del Maestro will helm another study at McGill that he terms the “Kobayashi Maru” for neurosurgeons, named after an infamous no-win scenario test in “Star Trek.”
In this study, doctors and medical students will operate in the NeuroTouch on a bleeding tumor that cannot be fixed, meaning the patient will die as they work.
“What we’re doing is during that scenario, we’re measuring their EEG [brain activity], heart rate, muscle tension, all these other aspects,” Del Maestro said.
“We want to find out what are the stresses that are involved in that particular scenario, and can we train the residents to deal with those stresses.”
- Houston's First Free-Roam, Warehouse Scale, Multiplayer, Virtual Reality Gaming Venue Opens In Houston
- Almost HALF of all autistic children can be cured of their phobias and fears by using virtual reality
- Disney Research Pioneers New Frontiers Using Virtual Reality
- CES 2019 (exclusive): AARP trialing virtual reality for remote healthcare
- Police officer, 26, forced to cancel wedding after life-saving brain surgery slams Grade-II listed hotel for refusing to refund his money
- How fast does “virtual reality” have to be to look like “actual reality”?
- The Best PCs for Virtual Reality
- Why Virtual Reality Will Change Design Forever
- Sexual Fantasies and Virtual Reality
- Zero-footprint, green cruises, virtual reality spas: Welcome to travel in 2020
- 600+ Boats, Virtual Reality, And More At Atlanta Boat Show
- Skilling flagship may see over 2x allocation boost
- FDA approves augmented reality surgery tool that gives surgeons ‘X-ray vision’
- Top surgeon says parents shouldn't remortgage their houses to raise funds for Charlie Teo's $120,000 brain operations for their sick children because 'best care is available for free'
- Groundbreaking nerve surgery allows 13 paralysed patients to regain the use of their arms to brush their teeth, write and use their phones
- From Fortnite to 3D frogs you can virtually dissect: Apple reveal the top games, apps and films of 2018 and crowns Drake its artist of the year
- Katie Price risks brain damage and death with baffling plastic surgery plans
- HEALTH QUIZ: From Shirley Ballas’s surgery to vegan sausage rolls, how much of 2019 do YOU remember?
- 'She was on a diet at the age of 13': Kim Kardashian's childhood best friend claims the reality star has long been obsessed with her weight... and that she wanted a nose job
- 6 Virtual Tours Of The Human Body For Free Interactive Anatomy Lessons
|Virtual Reality Goggles Goggle Tech C1-Glass 3D Glasses for 3D Images & Videos on Android & iOS Smartphones (check at Amazon)||4.6|
|Blisstime Google Cardboard V2.0 3d Glasses Vr Virtual Reality Cardboard Kit with Headband Fit for 3--6inch Screen (check at Amazon)||3.6|
|IncrediSonic M700 VUE Series VR Glasses, Virtual Reality Headset, & Bluetooth Remote Gaming Controller, (Black) (check at Amazon)||4.5|
|**Giant Version** I AM Cardboard® 50mm Focal Length Virtual Reality Cardboard Kit - Inspired by Google Cardboard (check at Amazon)||4.1|
|Blisstime Google Cardboard 3d Vr Virtual Reality DIY 3D Glasses for Smartphone with NFC and Headband (check at Amazon)||4.2|
|Freefly Mobile Virtual Reality Variation (check at Amazon)||5.0|
|Baoer Cardboard Valencia Quality 3d Virtual Reality Glasses (check at Amazon)||3.8|
|Blisstime DIY Google Cardboard Virtual Reality 3D Glasses (check at Amazon)||3.6|
|Samsung Gear VR Innovator Edition - Virtual Reality - for Galaxy Note 4 (Discontinued by Manufacturer) (check at Amazon)||3.9|
|Mi3D Virtual Reality Black Cardboard Viewer Complete Kit - Inspired by Google Cardboard (check at Amazon)||4.2|
|Google Cardboard 45mm Focal Length Virtual Reality Headset - With Free NFC Tag & Headstrap (check at Amazon)||4.4|
|Homido Virtual Reality Headset (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Sybol Colorcross Virtual Reality 3d Video Glasses for 4~5.6" Inch Smartphones Cardboard (check at Amazon)||2.9|
|Liontronic® Google Cardboard Head Mount Universal 3d Virtual Reality Video Glasses for Mobile Phone (check at Amazon)||5.0|
|Generic DIY Cardboard 2 Virtual Reality VR 3D Glasses for NEXUS 6 / IPHONE 6 PLUS + More (check at Amazon)||2.7|
|ZEISS VR ONE Virtual Reality Headset for Select Smartphones - Retail Packaging - White with Black Front and Head Strap (check at Amazon)||3.0|
|2015 New Google Cardboard V2 3D VR Virtual Reality Glasses, suit for all size Mobile Smartphone with QR Code Phone (check at Amazon)||4.5|
|Homido HOMIDO1 Virtual Reality Headset for Smartphone (check at Amazon)||3.7|
|Virtual Reality Sound Labs Slim 3 in 1 Power Inverter (175 Watts) $32.95 (check at Amazon)||3.8|
|Virtual Reality VR 3D Game Glasses For Phone Of 4.7-6.1Inch Like iPHONE 6 6 Plus Samsung S3 S4 (check at Amazon)||2.0|
|SoLed Head Mount Universal Virtual Reality 3d Video Glasses for 4~5.7'' Iphonesamsung (check at Amazon)||3.7|
|Google Cardboard 3D VR Complete Kit Virtual Reality Glasses with Headband (check at Amazon)||4.3|
|KKmoon DIY Google Cardboard VR Cellphone Valencia Quality Virtual Reality VR 3D Glasses for iPhone 6 5S 5.0" Android Smartphone (check at Amazon)||4.5|
|Blisstime Google Cardboard 3d Vr Virtual Reality DIY 3D Glasses for Smartphone (check at Amazon)||3.5|
|Blisstime 2015 Google Cardboard V2.0 3d Glasses Vr Virtual Reality Cardboard Kit 2015 Fit for 3--6inch Screen (check at Amazon)||5.0|
|VIGICA DIY 3d Video Glasses Universal Virtual Reality VR Glasses for 4~5.6 Smartphones Google Cardboard (check at Amazon)||3.5|
|I AM Cardboard® Giant Version 50mm Focal Length Virtual Reality Cardboard Kit - Inspired by Google Cardboard (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Konsait Google Cardboard Plastic Version 3D Virtual Reality VR Glasses with for Iphone Samsung HTC Moto LG Nexus Within 6.5 (check at Amazon)||4.0|
|Starnill DIY Google Cardboard Mobile Phone Virtual Reality 3d Glasses for Iphone / Samsung / Google Nexus 6 (check at Amazon)||3.0|
|AGPtEK 3D Virtual Reality Video Glasses Google Cardboard for 3.5-inch to 6-inch Smartphones (check at Amazon)||2.9|
|2015 New Google Cardboard V2 Plus Valencia Quality 3d Vr Virtual Reality Glasses By Novovr (Basis) (check at Amazon)||3.5|
|Universal 3d Virtual Reality Video Movie Game Glasses for HTC Headset (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|AGPtEK Google Cardboard Version Universal Virtual Reality 3D Video Glasses for 3.5-6.5 inches iPhone Samsung HTC LG Smartphones (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Soyan Focal Length Virtual Reality Carton Google Cardboard DIY 3D Glasses,Unassembled Kit with NFC(Carton) (check at Amazon)||3.5|
|VR 3D Virtual Reality Glasses for iphone 6 plus 5.5" 4" - 5.7" Smartphone Cell Phones for Game Movie Video Photo (check at Amazon)||1.0|
|Google Cardboard Plastic Version 3D VR Complete Kit Virtual Reality Glasses Headset for Real HD 3d Experience (check at Amazon)||3.5|
|Google Cardboard V2 Inspired Virtual Reality VR Headset by DOMO Cardboard for Android&iPhone (check at Amazon)||4.5|
|SySrion® Google Cardboard 3d Vr Virtual Reality DIY 3D Glasses for Smartphone with NFC and Headband (check at Amazon)||3.0|
|LG Official Virtual Reality 3D Glasses Google Cardboard VR for G3 (check at Amazon)||3.0|
|Andoer Head Mount Strap Belt for Google Cardboard Virtual Reality VR 3D Glasses (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|EUG Google Cardboard Valencia Quality 3d Vr Virtual Reality Glasses for iPhone Samsung HTC Moto X Nexus Cellphones (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|AGPtek® Black Google Cardboard Universal Virtual Reality 3D Video Glasses for 3.5" to 6" Smartphones (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|ZwTech Google Cardboard Plastic Version 3D VR Complete Kit Virtual Reality Glasses Headset for Smartphone (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Google Cardboard Head Mount Version with NFC Valencia Quality 3d Vr Virtual Reality Glasses (Nfc + Head Mount) (check at Amazon)||3.0|
|Ariic NEW Google Cardboard Valencia Quality 3D Virtual Reality Glasses Tool Kit (check at Amazon)||4.6|
|Topicker DIY Google Cardboard Cellphone VR Virtual Reality 3D Glasses, Virtual Reality Google Cardboard (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Virtual Reality Cardboard 3D Glasses DIY Tool Kit Featuring NFC & Easy Setup (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Leegoal(TM) Universal ABS 3D VR Virtual Reality Video Glasses for 4.0-5.7inch Smartphones Samsung Nexus iPhone HTC Moto LG,White (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|I Was... a True Account of One Girl's Positive Struggle with Reality After Brain Surgery Gone Wrong (check at Amazon)||0.0|
|Do-it-yourself brain surgery & other home skills (check at Amazon)||0.0|
Virtual Reality Could Hone Brain Surgery Skills have 1947 words, post on www.livescience.com at June 20, 2013. This is cached page on USA Breaking News. If you want remove this page, please contact us.